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Implicit Bias Resources

The following resources have been compiled by the presenters of the NCAA Inclusion Forum Session, "Unpacking Implicit Bias - Understanding & Mitigating Implicit Bias Around Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation."

Academic Resources

Harro's Cycle of Socialization

Bobbie Harro

We are each born into a specific set of social identities, related to the categories of difference mentioned above, and these social identities predispose us to unequal roles in the dynamic system of oppression. We are then socialized by powerful sources in our worlds to play the roles
prescribed by an inequitable social system (Hardiman and Jackson 1997). This socialization process is pervasive (coming from all sides and sources), consistent (patterned and predictable), circular (self supporting), self-perpetuating (intradependent) and often visible (unconscious and unnamed) (Bell 1997).

Harro's Cycle of Liberation

Bobbie Harro

A visual representation of Bobbie Harro's Cycle of Liberation to move through understanding and toward action.

8 Strategies to Reduce/Interrupt Implicit Bias

Safe Places for the Advancement of Community & Equity

A toolkit with ways everyone can reduce and interrupt implicit bias



Selective Attention Test

Daniel J. Simons 

A tool to discover what we are missing.

TEDx: How to Outsmart Your Own Unconscious Bias

Valerie Alexander

TEDx: We all have implicit biases. So what can we do about it?

Dushaw Hockett 

PWC Blind Spot Video Resource

Educational videos and a discussion guide



Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People 

by Mahzarin R. Banaji & Anthony G. Greenwald 

"“Blindspot” is the authors’ metaphor for the portion of the mind that houses hidden biases. Writing with simplicity and verve, Banaji and Greenwald question the extent to which our perceptions of social groups—without our awareness or conscious control—shape our likes and dislikes and our judgments about people’s character, abilities, and potential."

Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do

by Jennifer L. Eberhardt PhD 
How do we talk about bias? How do we address racial disparities and inequities? What role do our institutions play in creating, maintaining, and magnifying those inequities? What role do we play? With a perspective that is at once scientific, investigative, and informed by personal experience, Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt offers us the language and courage we need to face one of the biggest and most troubling issues of our time. 


Interactive Modules

Harvard Implicit Association Tests

The Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures attitudes and beliefs that people may be unwilling or unable to report. Modules are available on a variety of topics.



National Equity Project

More information about Implicit Bias and Structural Racialization

Current Findings on Student-Athlete Mental Health

NCAA Student-Athlete Health and Wellness Study (December 2023)

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