Policies by Organization
Policies by Organization
British Cycling has a two-part policy for recreational and competition:
British Cycling encourages Transgender and Non-Binary Participants to take part in Recreational Activities in the Gender they identify as. Notwithstanding section 3 of this policy, as there is no competitive element to Recreational Activities, Participants are able to take part in British Cycling sanctioned recreational activities in their Self-Identified Gender, without providing additional evidence.
Competition will follow the IOC policy with a more restrictive 5 nmol/L for at least 12 months threshold for testosterone prior to the member’s first competition.
DOWNLOAD: British Cycling policy October 2020
British Rowing has a transgender and transsexual policy that states trans men may compete as their affirmed gender, and trans women "may compete in their affirmed gender in female or mixed-sex domestic competition by providing evidence that her hormone therapy has brought her blood- measured testosterone levels within the range of her affirmed gender or that she has had a gonadectomy."
British Triathlon has a transgender that will be in effect through 2022 that allows transgender men to compete with men without restriction and trans women to compete in the women's category if they have undergone "hormonal therapy appropriate for the affirmed gender has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time to minimise gender-related advantages in sport competitions."
In July 2022 British Triathlon announced a new policy that will go into effect 1/1/23 that says transgender athletes over the age of 12 will have to compete in an “open category” for “all individuals including male, transgender and those non-binary who were male sex at birth”. A second “female category” will apply only “for those who are the female sex at birth”. The policy will apply to any race that is timed or has prizes. The policy applies to the international level, including athletes who represent Great Britain, England, Scotland or Wales, and to grassroots level.
Rugby Football Union (UK) + Rugby England
Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the national governing body for grassroots and elite rugby in England, with 2,000 autonomous rugby clubs in its membership. In May 2019, RFU approved a policy for youth, age grade, and elite athletes. The eligibility requirement for trans men is disclosure of identity. The eligibility requirement for transgender women includes a testosteron level below 5nmol/L, which is more restrictive than most policies.
RFU also mentions non-binary players in its policy.
The Football Association (UK)
The Football Association's (FA) policy on trans inclusion in football says "any transsexual or transgender person wishing to play in their affirmed gender can seek to do so by contacting The FA to obtain clearance. The application will take the form of a confidential conversation with the applicant and details of the evidence that The FA would require will be discussed with the person concerned.
"On the FA's website it is stated: 'An individual’s sexual orientation or gender identity should never be a barrier to participating in, and enjoying, our national sport.' In order to meet that requirement The FA has pledged to identify the boundaries that prevent LGBT people from engaging with football and ensure that 'every opportunity is given to enable members of gay, lesbian, bisexual and trans communities to participate and progress within their chosen area of participation in football'."
LINK: FA Press Release
LINK: Policy and FAQs
Scottish Football Association
The Scottish Football Association has a policy which states "Any male-to-female transsexual who underwent sex reassignment surgery before puberty will be accepted for the purpose of eligibility to participate in association football as female. This also applies to individuals who have undergone female-to-male reassignment before puberty, who will be regarded as male.
"Pursuant to Article 81 of the Articles of Association of the Scottish FA, individuals undergoing gender reassignment after puberty may be eligible for participation in association football in their acquired gender PROVIDED THAT such individuals have satisfied the requirements of this policy." For details of the policy, see their page.
United Kingdom Roller Derby Association
The United Kingdom Roller Derby Association (UKRDA) announced the appointment of their new Transgender Liaison and the ratification of their Transgender Policy (April 2014). The policy creates a uniform standard of treatment of transgender skaters, and ensures the protection and safety of transgender skaters throughout the UK, with UKRDA member leagues committing to adhere to the policy. This includes safeguarding the confidentiality of trans* skaters, and ensuring that they are supported not just by the law, but by UKRDA policies.
The document has great sections and explanations, and is a good model for writing clear policies.
DOWNLOAD: UKRDA Transgender Policy
Australian Human Rights Commission
In June 2019, the Australian Human Rights Commission released guidelines for the inclusion of transgender and gender diverse people in sport. The guidelines were developed in partnership with Sport Australia and the Coalition of Major Professional and Participation Sports, which includes
Australian Football League
Football Federation Australia
National Rugby League
Australia Football League
Australian Football League created a gender diversity policy in August 2018 that uses not only hormones but also factors such as height, weight, vertical jump, bench press max, and more as indicators of eligibility. Because size is a factor in this policy, it is not an ideal policy.
DOWNLOAD: AFL and AFWL Gender Diversity Policy
Disability Sports Australia
Disability Sports Australia is the governing body of sports leagues in Australia. The 2014 Member Protection Policy has specific language around gender identity and supports the participation of trans athletes on the basis of the gender with which they identify, but encourages trans* athletes to fill out the appropriate Therapeutic Use Exemptions necessary for competition in leagues which require them.
"Disability Sports Australia is committed to providing a safe, fair and inclusive sporting environment where people of all backgrounds can contribute and participate. People who identify as transgender or transsexual should be treated fairly and with dignity and respect at all times. This includes acting with sensitivity when a person is undergoing gender transition.
"We will not tolerate any unlawful discrimination or harassment of a person who identifies as transgender or transsexual or who is thought to be transgender or transsexual. If a transgender or transsexual person feels he or she has been harassed or discriminated against by another person or organisation bound by this Policy, he or she may make a complaint.
Disability Sports Australia recognises that excluding transgender and transsexual people from participating in sporting events and activities has significant implications for their health, well-being and involvement in community life. In general, we will support their participation in our sport on the basis of the gender with which they identify.
Read more in section 6.6:
Cycling New Zealand
"Cycling New Zealand and its members must not restrict the participation of a transsexual person in competitive sport unless this is strictly necessary to uphold fair or safe competition; any other restriction would amount to direct discrimination.
Cycling New Zealand and its members should treat a transsexual person as belonging to the sex in which they present (as opposed to the biological sex they were born with) unless this might give the transsexual person an unfair advantage, or would be a risk to the safety of competitors. Any negative effect of restricting the participation of transsexual people must be mitigated as far as possible, to permit as much inclusion as is fair and safe.
Cycling New Zealand recognises that consistency with UCI’s position is appropriate for international and national competition. UCI have adopted the “Guidelines on sex reassignment” adopted by the IOC in November 2015 – see Appendix 2. Cycling New Zealand will therefore adopt the IOC’s statement with regards to transsexual athletes and their status in international competitions."
Golf Canada, the parent organization of the Canadian LPGA, includes transgender women, but still lists surgery in its policy:
1. A Golfer will be eligible to participate in an event, provided that the participant is female or male and:
a) was female or male at birth;
b) is a trans female (Male to Female) Golfer and surgical anatomical changes have been completed, including external genitalia changes and gonadectomy; or
c) is a trans female (Male-to-Female) Golfer treated with testosterone suppression medication for gender reassignment purposes. A trans female may compete in a men's event but may not compete in a women's event until completing one calendar year of testosterone suppression treatment.
d) is a trans male (Female-to-Male) Golfer treated with testosterone administration medication for gender reassignment purposes. A trans male may compete in a men's event, but is not eligible to compete in a women's event.
2. Any transgender Golfer who is not taking hormone treatment related to gender reassignment may participate in sex-separated events in accordance with his or her assigned birth gender. For certainty:
a) A trans male (Female-To-Male) Golfer who is not taking testosterone related to gender reassignment may participate in a women's event.
b) A trans female (Male-To-Female) Golfer who is not taking hormone treatments related to gender reassignment may participate in a men's event.
CARHA Hockey's transgender and nonbinary guidelines allow for full participation.
Transgender: "All who identify as transgender should be eligible to participate in the sport they choose, on a team that they gender identify with."
Nonbinary/Gender Fluid Participants: "Individuals who identify as gender non-binary or gender fluid should be able to participate in activities with the gender group in which they feel most comfortable and safe."
DOWNLOAD: CARHA Policy 2022
Hockey Canada - Ontario
Players who identify as trans can use the dressing room corresponding to their gender identity, be addressed by their preferred name and pronoun, and have the privacy and confidentiality of their transgender status respected.
DOWNLOAD: Dressing room policy
DOWNLOAD: Confidentiality statement
Ontario Volleyball Association (Canada)
The Ontario Volleyball Association believes in equal opportunity, and recognizes all forms of gender expression. Therefore, the OVA supports athletes competing in the gender category they identify with, regardless of the sex/gender that was assigned to them at birth. The OVA will consider the eligibility guidelines set out in this policy in order to ensure a fair and level playing field for all participants.
Athletes shall be allowed to participate in any OVA sanctioned event in accordance with their gender identity, irrespective of the gender listed on their birth certificate or other official government documents, and regardless of whether they have undergone any medical treatments. Therefore:
a) Male-to-female transitioning individuals shall be regarded as female
b) Female-to-male transitioning individuals shall be regarded as male
US Association of Blind Athletes
The United States Association of Blind Athletes (USABA) protects against discrimination based on gender expression, which would allow transgender participants:
“The USABA does not discriminate on the basis of race, creed, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, physical or mental disability, Veteran status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender expression.”
USA Archery has no documented policy.
USA Badminton has no documented policy.
USA Baseball has no documented policy.
USA Basketball has no documented policy.
USA Boxing - requires surgery
USA Boxing follows the the outdated Stockholm Consensus, and requires genital surgery and gonadectomy:
2.4.5. Sex reassignment (in accordance with [outdated] IOC regulations): Any “individuals undergoing sex reassignment of male to female before puberty should be regarded as girls and women” (female). This also applies to individuals undergoing female to male reassignment, who should be regarded as boys and men (male).
Individuals undergoing sex reassignment from male to female after puberty (and vice versa) be eligible for participation in female or male competitions, respectively, under the following conditions:
- Surgical anatomical changes have been completed, including external genitalia changes and gonadectomy
- Legal recognition of their assigned sex has been conferred by the appropriate official authorities
- Hormonal therapy appropriate for the assigned sex has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time to minimize gender-related advantages in sport competitions
Eligibility should begin no sooner than two years after gonadectomy. It is understood that a confidential case-by-case evaluation will occur. In the event that the gender of a competing athlete is questioned, the medical commission (ACRP/ABRM) shall have the authority to take all appropriate measures for the determination of the gender of a competitor.
DOWNLOAD: USA Boxing Medical Handbook
USA Climbing's policy allows any competitor to register for a membership as the gender with which the competitor identifies. If that gender is different from the gender reflected on the competitor’s birth certificate or is a different gender from that previously used by the competitor as a USA Climbing member, the competitor must provide to USA Climbing an objective manifestation (documentation or other evidence) that shows the stated gender is sincerely held and reflects the person’s core identity. Documentation satisfying this standard generally may include, without limitation, government-issued documentation or documentation prepared by a health care provider or licensed counselor. The health care provider or licensed counselor must not be the athlete’s first or second-degree relative.
This rule is subject to any superseding rule or policy of any applicable national or international governing body with respect to international competition, meaning USA Climbing will default to IOC policy for international and Olympic competition.
LINK: USA Climbing Policy
USA Curling (USAC) updated its policy in October 2021 to note "an athlete’s declaration of gender identity through the process of registering for a gendered event is sufficient. If the athlete has declared a gender different from sex assigned at birth, the declaration cannot be changed, for sporting purposes, for the duration of the curling season."
DOWNLOAD: USA Curling Policy 2021
USA Cycling released an updated policy in March 2018 that has different requirements for elite and non-elite racers.
At non-elite competition levels, a member may self-select his or her gender. Members who transition to a gender different from their gender on file with USA Cycling should contact USA Cycling to be placed in a class and category appropriate for that person’s racing resume and experience. USA Cycling may recategorize a member based on results achieved after a gender identity change. This policy may be used to either downgrade a member who is not able to compete in a higher category, or to upgrade a member who shows exceptional results in a given category outside of normal upgrade regulations.
At elite competition levels members may have the opportunity to represent the United States and participate in international competition. They may therefore be subject to the policies and regulations of the International Cycling Union (UCI) and International Olympic Committee (IOC). Read the full policy below.
DOWNLOAD: USA Cycling Policy (March 2018)
USA Gymnastics announced in November 2020 a policy that includes transgender and non-binary athletes.
Transgender and non-binary athletes in levels below the International Track level are permitted to compete in the gender category with which they identify without restriction.
Non-Binary Athletes: USA Gymnastics does not currently provide competitions specifically for people whose gender identity is non-binary. However, USA Gymnastics aims to be inclusive of everyone and will strive to support the fair participation of non-binary participants, which includes, for example, allowing non-binary athletes to choose a gender category to compete in for the season. Meet directors should bring concerns to program leadership at USA Gymnastics.
International track athletes: Transgender boys or men are eligible to compete in the male category without restriction. Transgender girls or women who, in the next 12 months, intend to qualify for Junior or Senior National Team, those who may represent USA Gymnastics internationally, or those who qualify to any event where a National Team is selected, must meet the requirements for transgender and non-binary athletes put forth by the International Olympic Committee. Testosterone level documentation is indicated for a transgender girl or woman who has been evaluated by a physician and determined to be post-pubescent.
USA Hockey policy separates out youth and adult competitors at various levels of competitiveness and has a policy for non-binary athletes.
USA Karate has no documented policy.
US Masters Swimming - requires surgery
US Masters Swimming updated its policy after the IOC update in 2015, but left the requirement for transgender women to complete surgery in order to have their times count.
DOWNLOAD: US Masters Swimming transgender policy
USA Parachute Association
US Parachute Association (USPA) has a Transgender Athlete Policy that requires athletes to compete according to the gender marker on an athlete's government ID.
LINK: USPA transgender policy
USA Powerlifting - bans transgender women competing in women's category
USA Powerlifting, as a National Affiliate of the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) adopted, and follows the policies as defined by the IP Medical Committee which impact the participation of transgender individuals in events sanctioned by USA Powerlifting.
Powerlifting America allows athletes to participate according to their gender identity and defaults to international rules when competition requires it to do so.
DOWNLOAD: Powerlifting America Policy
US Rowing allows athletes to participate according to their gender identity and defaults to international rules when competition requires it to do so.
DOWNLOAD: US Rowing Policy Manual 2020
USA Rugby follows the IOC 2015 Consensus Statement.
USA Sailing follows the IOC policy and World Sailing's policy (actual policy unavailable). USA Sailing bylaws state:
No person shall be denied the right to participate in any event within the jurisdiction of US SAILING or to manage or otherwise be involved in the participation of such event, or having so participated shall suffer any penalty for having participated, on grounds of race, color, religion, age, sex, or national origin, disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or expression, genetic information, or any other status protected by federal, state or local law, where applicable.
DOWNLOAD: USA Sailing Bylaws (amended Aug 8, 2017)
USA Senior Softball
Not an inclusive policy. USA Senior Softball recently approved their policy in summer 2014. Senior Softball-USA is dedicated to informing and uniting the Senior Softball Players of America and the World. Senior Softball-USA sanctions tournaments and championships, registers players, writes the rulebook, publishes Senior Softball-USA News, hosts International Softball Tours and promotes Senior Softball throughout the world. More than 1.5 million men and women over 40 play Senior Softball in the United States today.
"14.2(6) • TRANS-GENDER ATHLETES
Men are not permitted to compete on women’s teams in SSUSA sanctioned events, but on occasion
the eligibility issue of trans-gender athletes arises. To ensure that no athlete is excluded from the
opportunity to participate, that the safety of women players is protected, and to maintain fairness in
competition, the SSUSA has adopted the standards used by the International Olympic Committee
(“IOC”) to govern the eligibility of trans-gender athletes." Read more at the link below.
NOTE: to make this policy more inclusive, trans people not taking hormones would go under review. If they are living as their true gender and that is different than what is listed on birth documents, we are limiting their ability to comfortably participate in the sport.
US Soccer Federation
The United States Soccer Federation (USSF) opens its membership to all soccer organizations and all soccer players, coaches, trainers, managers, administrators and officials "without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or national origin."
For the purposes of registration on gender-based amateur teams, a player may register with the gender team with which the player identifies, and confirmation sufficient for guaranteeing access shall be satisfied by documentation or evidence that shows the stated gender is sincerely held, and part of a person’s core identity. Documentation satisfying the herein stated standard includes, but is not limited to, government-issued documentation or documentation prepared by a health care provider, counselor, or other qualified professional not related to the player.
This policy does not apply to Professional Leagues, and does not apply to the Federation’s National Teams programs, but application of this or a similar policy shall be re-evaluated at such time as FIFA addresses the issue.
DOWNLOAD: USSF amendment change
USA Swimming Anti-Discrimination Statement provides protection for transgender athletes. Its Code of Conduct says, “discrimination against any member or participant on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, and gender expression is prohibited (304.3.3),” meaning that trans swimmers can participate in events in the gender with which they identity.
For elite competition, USA Swimming says, "criteria (including medical criteria) will follow current USOC/IOC rules and will be clearly stated in meet information packets." However, the IOC removed its rules and defaults to the National Governing Body, which means USA Swimming has no current policy for elite competition.
DOWNLOAD: 2018 Transgender Task Force Information (and policy)
USA Team Handball
USA Team Handball has no documented policy.
USA Track & Field
USA Track & Field (USATF) Board of Directors adopted the updated its policy on transgender athletes to match the November 2015 update by the International Olympic Committee, thereby removing the requirement for surgery. USATF now uses the current IOC policy.
MARATHON MAJORS: Organizers of the Boston, Chicago, New York City, London and Los Angeles marathons all said they honor the gender that runners submit during sign-ups.
USA Triathlon follows the updated International Olympic Committee guidelines for transgender athlete participation, as well as the United States Anti-Doping Agency rules regarding the use of testosterone, which is a banned substance which requires a theraputic use exemption (TUE) in order to avoid violating policy.
DOWNLOAD: USAT 2019 Transgender athlete policy
USA Ultimate invites all transgender and non-binary athletes to participate in USA Ultimate competition.
"Within our divisions as they currently exist, USA Ultimate will not discriminate on the basis of gender identity, regardless of sex assigned at birth, or any other form of gender expression for participation in any division. We affirm that people of all gender identities should have the freedom to participate in USA Ultimate sanctioned or championship series events in the division in which they feel most comfortable and safe based on their gender identity and should be recognized, respected and included at every level of the sport."
USA Volleyball updated its policy in 2021. It creates a pathway to participation that requires some invasive disclosure and committee review, but does not apply to any competition or event where the International Olympic Committee’s policy on transgender (TG) may apply, or to an international competition involving the USA National Teams. This may include, without limitation: (i) USA Volleyball National Team competitions or events, and (ii) competitions or events operated or sanctioned by FIVB, the IOC, the International Paralympic Committee or World Para Volley, whether involving beach, indoor or sitting disciplines.
"All [transgender] athletes must submit: 1) a statement that they wish to compete in the gender opposite that of their birth. Minors: parents or guardians must submit a similar statement, 2) statement from the treating physician and medical records as indicated, 3) lab reports of testosterone levels for athletes over age 13 as noted below. The Gender Commission (GC) may share relevant information with medical experts, as necessary. Once the GC has all required documentation, commission review will be completed within 10 days.
Updated February 2019: In January 2017, USA Weightlifting created a Policy for Transgender Inclusion. The policy requires a formal letter with a request to participate in USA Weightlifting sanctioned events, which must include a statement affirming the gender identity of the athlete. The athlete must provide a confirmation of gender identity from a medical professional, and if applicable, must provide any information related to an athlete’s transition/intent to transition status.
The policy is separated by pre and post-puberty categories. For pre-pubescent athletes, there is an "evaluation of competitive advantage," which is subjective and leaves room for discrimination. For adult transgender women, it requires two years of hormone therapy, instead of just one as listed by the IOC.
Applicant must submit a formal letter with a request to participate in USA Weightlifting sanctioned events, which must include a statement affirming the gender identity of the athlete. If the athlete is a minor, the request must be submitted by a parent/guardian. If the athlete is under age 18, he/she/they may also submit a personal statement in support of his/her/their request.
Applicant must provide a confirmation of gender identity, and if applicable, must provide any information related to an athlete’s transition/intent to transition status.
Applicants must agree to comply with all aspects of the eligibility determination.
Committee will research applicable state discrimination laws and nondiscrimination policies.
(b) Pre-Pubescent Athletes
Pre-Pubescent Athletes are be granted eligibility to participate in their affirmed gender. Some of the evaluative criteria include:
Evaluation of competitive advantage
(c) Post-Pubescent Athletes
A post-pubescent athlete will be eligible for participation, provided the following:
Should show evidence that hormone therapy has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time (two year minimum) to minimize gender related competitive advantages.
If gender confirmation surgery is desired, the surgery has been completed, the athlete is in good health, and has been cleared by their surgeon to participate in Weightlifting.
Legal recognition of assigned/identified gender has been received from one or more appropriate authorities.
If gender confirmation surgery is desired, the surgery has been completed, the athlete is in good health, and has been cleared by their surgeon to participate in Weightlifting
Legal recognition of assigned/identified gender has been received from one or more appropriate authorities.
If hormone therapy is desired, it is being monitored by a medical doctor and is not being used as a way to enhance athletic advantage.
DOWNLOAD: USA Weightlifting policy for transgender athletes (January 2017)
In March 2017, USA Wrestling formally adopted a version of the IOC guidelines for Transgender Athlete participation. The policy states that before puberty, trans boys can compete against boys, and trans girls can compete against girls. After puberty, the following specifications are stated:
1. Those who transition from female to male shall only be eligible to compete in the male category without restriction after the athlete has declared that his gender identity is male.
2. Those who transition from male to female are eligible to compete in the female category under the following conditions:
- The athlete has declared that her gender identity is female. The declaration cannot be changed, for sporting purposes, for a minimum of four years.
- The athlete must demonstrate that her total testosterone level in serum has been below 10 nmol/L for at least 12 months prior to her first competition.
- The athlete’s total testosterone level in serum must remain below 10 nmol/L throughout the period of desired eligibility to compete in the female category.
- Compliance with these conditions may be monitored by testing. In the event of non-compliance, the athlete’s eligibility for female competition will be suspended for 12 months.
DOWNLOAD: USA Wrestling policy for transgender athletes (March 2017)
Women's Flat Track Derby Association
The Women's Flat Track Derby Association's (WFTDA) Gender Policy updated its policy with a new statement and broadened protections for athlete gender identity in November 2015. The new statement provides intersex and transgender athletes with equal opportunities to participate in athletics "while still maintaining integrity as a women’s sport." It states that the WFTDA “is committed to inclusive and anti-discrimination practices in relation to all transgender women, intersex women, and gender expansive participants, and aims to ensure that all skaters’, volunteers’, and employees’ rights are respected and protected.”In regard to athlete participation, it states: “An individual who identifies as a trans woman, intersex woman, and/or gender expansive may skate with a WFTDA charter team if women’s flat track roller derby is the version and composition of roller derby with which they most closely identify. … The gender identity of any and all WFTDA participants is considered confidential and private.”