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Policies by Organization

Policies by Organization

International

Association of Boxing Commissions - requires surgery

The Association of Boxing Commissions (ABC) has separate policies for transexual and transgender athletes, which are different for male-to-female and female-to-male athletes. The policies also vary depending on when transition begins - before or after adolescence (puberty). For details about the policies and the need for Therapeutic Use Exemptions, download the policy below.

 

DOWNLOAD: The ABC Medical Committee's Suggested Guidelines to Commissioners Concerning the Health and Safety of Combat Sports Participants

Crossfit

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Beginning in 2019, CrossFit will allow transgender athletes to compete in its annual tournament, the CrossFit Games, starting next year, in a reversal of a policy that had subjected the global fitness brand to criticism from the LGBT community.

“This is the right thing to do,” CrossFit chair and founder Greg Glassman said. “CrossFit believes in the potential, capacity, and dignity of every athlete. We are proud of our LGBT community, including our transgender athletes, and we want you here with us.”​

In the 2018 CrossFit Games, athletes must compete in the category of their sex assigned at birth.​

 

LINK: CrossFit Games will allow transgender athletes to compete

Fédération Internationale de Volleyball

Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) is the governing body responsible for all forms of Volleyball on a global level. The policy listed for Gender states: "Gender must be attested by the national federations through the birth certificate of the player. Female players may be required to present a valid gender certificate and/or submit themselves to a medical examination in case of doubt based on medical evidence."

 

Additionally, there is a Gender Verification policy: "Gender Verification will not be performed during senior, junior or youth events. Gender verification may be conducted on a case by case basis in event of doubt based on medical evidence. Competitors’ refusal if requested to yield to gender verification controls entails their elimination from the competition."

 

DOWNLOAD: FIVB Gender requirements (6.2 and 6.3)

International Association of Athletics Federation - requires surgery

International Association of Athletic Federations (IAAF) was founded in 1912 as the world governing body for the sport of track and field Athletics. The IAAF policy differs for transmen and transwomen:

Transmen (FTM): 

shall be permitted to compete in the male category of International Competitions upon production of a sex recognition certificate or other form of identification of sex confirming that he is recognized in law as a male (passport, identity card, etc.) and provided that he is otherwise eligible to compete in accordance with the Rules and Regulations.

 

Transwomen (MTF): 

- requires documentation of surgery and notification to IAAF

- consultation with a panel of medical experts

- endocrine assessment

 

DOWNLOAD: IAAF Regulations Governing Eligibility of Athletes who have Undergone Sex Reassignment to Compete in Women's Competition

International Olympic Committee

 

International Olympic Committee (IOC) Consensus Meeting in November 2015 agreed the following guidelines to be taken into account by sports organizations when determining eligibility to compete in male and female competition:
1. Those who transition from female to male are eligible to compete in the male category without restriction.
2. Those who transition from male to female are eligible to compete in the female category under the following conditions:

2.1. The athlete has declared that her gender identity is female. The declaration cannot be changed, for sporting purposes, for a minimum of four years.
2.2. The athlete must demonstrate that her total testosterone level in serum has been below 10 nmol/L for at least 12 months prior to her first competition (with the requirement for any longer period to be based on a confidential case-by-case evaluation, considering whether or not 12 months is a sufficient length of time to minimize any advantage in women’s competition).
2.3. The athlete's total testosterone level in serum must remain below 10nmol/L throughout the period of desired eligibility to compete in the female category.
2.4. Compliance with these conditions may be monitored by testing. In the event of non-compliance, the athlete’s eligibility for female competition will be suspended for 12 months.

 

DOWNLOAD: IOC Consensus Meeting on Sex Reassignment and Hyperandrogenism - November 2015

International Quidditch Association

International Quidditch Association (IQA) promotes gender inclusion by allowing people to self-identify. During a quidditch game, each team must have at least two players in play who identify with a different gender than at least two other players. The gender that a player identifies with is considered to be that player's gender (Rulebook 7 Section 7.1.3.).

 

LINK: International Quidditch Association's policy and "Two Minimum Rule"

International Tennis Federation

International Tennis Federation (ITF) follows a policy that resembles the 2015 updated International Olympic Committee transgender policy. 

 

DOWNLOAD: International Tennis Federation Transgender Policy

International Gay and Lesbian Football Association

International Gay and Lesbian Football Association (IGLFA) opens its membership to all football/soccer players, coaches, managers, trainers and referees “without discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, sex, physical or mental ability, marital status, race, color, nationality, religion or age”.

 

For the purposes of registration on gender-based teams, a player may register with the gender team with which the player identifies. The IGLFA must received sufficient confirmation and be satisfied by documentation or evidence that shows the stated gender is sincerely held, and is part of a person’s core identity.

 

DOWNLOAD: IGLFA Transgender Policy

World Anti-Doping Agency

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) works towards a vision of a world where all athletes compete in a doping-free sporting environment. Unfortunately for transgender athletes taking testosterone, a banned substance according to WADA's rules, the policies do not always support one's ability to participate. Athletes competing in sports observing WADA or USADA rules who are using testosterone must apply for Theraputic Use Exemption (TUE). 

 

DOWNLOAD: The 2013 WADA Prohibited List International Standard

World Flying Disc Federation

The World Flying Disc Federation (WFDF), is the international governing body of flying disc. In December 2016, it released its policy on the inclusion of transgender athletes, which is in line with the IOC standards. 

 

DOWNLOAD: The WFDF Policy on Transgender Athlete Participation

World Out Games

The World OutGames policy for the World OutGames Miami 2017 required a self declaration method for gender identity and verification only if OutGames administrators deem it necessary to further explore for verification purposes or if the athlete's stated gender identity is challenged.

 

NOTE: World OutGames was canceled in 2017 and does not exist anymore.

 

DOWNLOAD: World OutGames policy

World Rugby - requires surgery

World Rugby follows the outdated Stockholm Consensus from the former IOC  policy and requires genital surgery and gonadectomy for participation. This is a violation of one's human rights. The IOC policy was changed in 2016 to remove the requirement for surgery.

 

DOWNLOAD: World Rugby policy for transgender athletes (June 2016)

Europe

British Rowing

British Rowing has a transgender and transsexual policy that states trans men may compete as their affirmed gender, and trans women "may compete in their affirmed gender in female or mixed-sex domestic competition by providing evidence that her hormone therapy has brought her blood- measured testosterone levels within the range of her affirmed gender or that she has had a gonadectomy."

 

DOWNLOAD: British Rowing Transgender and Transsexual Policy

Rugby Football Union (UK) 

Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the national governing body for grassroots and elite rugby in England, with 2,000 autonomous rugby clubs in its membership. As of August 2018: "The RFU’s current policy is under review to bring it in line with what will be the Olympic policy once it is agreed by the International Olympic Committee and the World Rugby policy. The policy is therefore in a transition phase at the moment but please contact us directly so we can work together to find a safe way for you to play in the gender of your choice."

 

LINK: Adult and Youth Policy

The Football Association (UK)

The Football Association's (FA) policy on trans inclusion in football says "any transsexual or transgender person wishing to play in their affirmed gender can seek to do so by contacting The FA to obtain clearance. The application will take the form of a confidential conversation with the applicant and details of the evidence that The FA would require will be discussed with the person concerned.

 

"On the FA's website it is stated: 'An individual’s sexual orientation or gender identity should never be a barrier to participating in, and enjoying, our national sport.' In order to meet that requirement The FA has pledged to identify the boundaries that prevent LGBT people from engaging with football and ensure that 'every opportunity is given to enable members of gay, lesbian, bisexual and trans communities to participate and progress within their chosen area of participation in football'."

 

LINK: FA Press Release

LINK: Policy and FAQs

Scottish Football Association

The Scottish Football Association has a policy which states "Any male-to-female transsexual who underwent sex reassignment surgery before puberty will be accepted for the purpose of eligibility to participate in association football as female. This also applies to individuals who have undergone female-to-male reassignment before puberty, who will be regarded as male.

"Pursuant to Article 81 of the Articles of Association of the Scottish FA, individuals undergoing gender reassignment after puberty may be eligible for participation in association football in their acquired gender PROVIDED THAT such individuals have satisfied the requirements of this policy." For details of the policy, see their page.

 

LINK: Scottish Football Association Transgender & Transsexual Policy

 

United Kingdom Roller Derby Association

The United Kingdom Roller Derby Association (UKRDA) announced the appointment of their new Transgender Liaison and the ratification of their Transgender Policy (April 2014). The policy creates a uniform standard of treatment of transgender skaters, and ensures the protection and safety of transgender skaters throughout the UK, with UKRDA member leagues committing to adhere to the policy. This includes safeguarding the confidentiality of trans* skaters, and ensuring that they are supported not just by the law, but by UKRDA policies.

 

The document has great sections and explanations, and is a good model for writing clear policies.

 

DOWNLOAD: UKRDA Transgender Policy

Australia

Australian Human Rights Commission

 
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In June 2019, the Australian Human Rights Commission released guidelines for the inclusion of transgender and gender diverse people in sport. The guidelines were developed in partnership with Sport Australia and the Coalition of Major Professional and Participation Sports, which includes 

  • Australian Football League

  • Cricket Australia

  • Football Federation Australia

  • National Rugby League

  • Netball Australia

  • Rugby Australia

  • Tennis Australia

 

DOWNLOAD: Guidelines for the Inclusion of Transgender and Gender Diverse People in Sport (2019)

 

Australia Football League

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Australian Football League created a gender diversity policy in August 2018 that uses not only hormones but also factors such as height, weight, vertical jump, bench press max, and more as indicators of eligibility. Because size is a factor in this policy, it is not an ideal policy.

 

 

DOWNLOAD: AFL and AFWL Gender Diversity Policy 

 

Disability Sports Australia

Disability Sports Australia is the governing body of sports leagues in Australia. The 2014 Member Protection Policy has specific language around gender identity and supports the participation of trans athletes on the basis of the gender with which they identify, but encourages trans* athletes to fill out the appropriate Therapeutic Use Exemptions necessary for competition in leagues which require them.

 

"Disability Sports Australia is committed to providing a safe, fair and inclusive sporting environment where people of all backgrounds can contribute and participate. People who identify as transgender or transsexual should be treated fairly and with dignity and respect at all times. This includes acting with sensitivity when a person is undergoing gender transition. 

 

"We will not tolerate any unlawful discrimination or harassment of a person who identifies as transgender or transsexual or who is thought to be transgender or transsexual. If a transgender or transsexual person feels he or she has been harassed or discriminated against by another person or organisation bound by this Policy, he or she may make a complaint. 

 

Disability Sports Australia recognises that excluding transgender and transsexual people from participating in sporting events and activities has significant implications for their health, well-being and involvement in community life. In general, we will support their participation in our sport on the basis of the gender with which they identify. 

 

Read more in section 6.6:

 

DOWNLOAD: Disability Sports Australia Member Protection Policy (see 6.6)

New Zealand

Cycling New Zealand

"Cycling New Zealand and its members must not restrict the participation of a transsexual person in competitive sport unless this is strictly necessary to uphold fair or safe competition; any other restriction would amount to direct discrimination.

 

Cycling New Zealand and its members should treat a transsexual person as belonging to the sex in which they present (as opposed to the biological sex they were born with) unless this might give the transsexual person an unfair advantage, or would be a risk to the safety of competitors. Any negative effect of restricting the participation of transsexual people must be mitigated as far as possible, to permit as much inclusion as is fair and safe.

 

Cycling New Zealand recognises that consistency with UCI’s position is appropriate for international and national competition. UCI have adopted the “Guidelines on sex reassignment” adopted by the IOC in November 2015 – see Appendix 2. Cycling New Zealand will therefore adopt the IOC’s statement with regards to transsexual athletes and their status in international competitions."

 

DOWNLOAD: Cycling New Zealand Transgender and Transsexual Policy

North America

Golf Canada

Golf Canada, the parent organization of the Canadian LPGA, includes transgender women, but still lists surgery in its policy:

 

Eligibility

1. A Golfer will be eligible to participate in an event, provided that the participant is female or male and:

a) was female or male at birth;

OR

b) is a trans female (Male to Female) Golfer and surgical anatomical changes have been completed, including external genitalia changes and gonadectomy; or 

c) is a trans female (Male-to-Female) Golfer treated with testosterone suppression medication for gender reassignment purposes. A trans female may compete in a men's event but may not compete in a women's event until completing one calendar year of testosterone suppression treatment.

d) is a trans male (Female-to-Male) Golfer treated with testosterone administration medication for gender reassignment purposes. A trans male may compete in a men's event, but is not eligible to compete in a women's event.

 

2. Any transgender Golfer who is not taking hormone treatment related to gender reassignment may participate in sex-separated events in accordance with his or her assigned birth gender. For certainty:

a) A trans male (Female-To-Male) Golfer who is not taking testosterone related to gender reassignment may participate in a women's event.

b) A trans female (Male-To-Female) Golfer who is not taking hormone treatments related to gender reassignment may participate in a men's event.

DOWNLOAD: Golf Canada Policy on Transgender Golfer Participation

Hockey Canada - Ontario

Players who identify as trans can use the dressing room corresponding to their gender identity, be addressed by their preferred name and pronoun, and have the privacy and confidentiality of their transgender status respected.

DOWNLOAD: Dressing room policy

DOWNLOAD: Confidentiality statement

 

Ontario Volleyball Association (Canada)

The Ontario Volleyball Association believes in equal opportunity, and recognizes all forms of gender expression. Therefore, the OVA supports athletes competing in the gender category they identify with, regardless of the sex/gender that was assigned to them at birth. The OVA will consider the eligibility guidelines set out in this policy in order to ensure a fair and level playing field for all participants. 

 

Athletes shall be allowed to participate in any OVA sanctioned event in accordance with their gender identity, irrespective of the gender listed on their birth certificate or other official government documents, and regardless of whether they have undergone any medical treatments. Therefore:

a) Male-to-female transitioning individuals shall be regarded as female

b) Female-to-male transitioning individuals shall be regarded as male

 

DOWNLOAD: The Ontario Volleyball Association Transgender Athlete Policy

Ladies Professional Golf Association - requires surgery

The Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) members voted in 2010 to eliminate the requirement that players be "female at birth," thereby allowing transgender players to participate (Thomas, 2010).

 

LINK: New York Times article announcing trans* inclusion in LPGA. 

Thomas, K. (2010, December 02). L.P.G.A. will allow transgender players to compete. The New York Times.

Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/02/sports/golf/02lpga.html

 

US Association of Blind Athletes

The United States Association of Blind Athletes (USABA) protects against discrimination based on gender expression, which would allow transgender participants: 


“The USABA does not discriminate on the basis of race, creed, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, physical or mental disability, Veteran status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender expression.”

USA Archery

USA Archery has no documented policy.

USA Badminton

USA Badminton has no documented policy.

USA Baseball

USA Baseball has no documented policy.

USA Basketball

USA Basketball has no documented policy.

USA Boxing - requires surgery

USA Boxing follows the the outdated Stockholm Consensus, and requires genital surgery and gonadectomy:

 

2.4.5. Sex reassignment (in accordance with [outdated] IOC regulations):  Any “individuals undergoing sex reassignment of male to female before puberty should be regarded as girls and women” (female). This also applies to individuals undergoing female to male reassignment, who should be regarded as boys and men (male).

 

Individuals undergoing sex reassignment from male to female after puberty (and vice versa) be eligible for participation in female or male competitions, respectively, under the following conditions:

 

- Surgical anatomical changes have been completed, including external genitalia changes and gonadectomy

- Legal recognition of their assigned sex has been conferred by the appropriate official authorities

- Hormonal therapy appropriate for the assigned sex has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time to minimize gender-related advantages in sport competitions

 

Eligibility should begin no sooner than two years after gonadectomy.  It is understood that a confidential case-by-case evaluation will occur. In the event that the gender of a competing athlete is questioned, the medical commission (ACRP/ABRM) shall have the authority to take all appropriate measures for the determination of the gender of a competitor.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Boxing Medical Handbook

USA Climbing

USA Climbing's policy allows any competitor to register for a membership as the gender with which the competitor identifies. If that gender is different from the gender reflected on the competitor’s birth certificate or is a different gender from that previously used by the competitor as a USA Climbing member, the competitor must provide to USA Climbing an objective manifestation (documentation or other evidence) that shows the stated gender is sincerely held and reflects the person’s core identity. Documentation satisfying this standard generally may include, without limitation, government-issued documentation or documentation prepared by a health care provider or licensed counselor. The health care provider or licensed counselor must not be the athlete’s first or second-degree relative.

 

This rule is subject to any superseding rule or policy of any applicable national or international governing body with respect to international competition, meaning USA Climbing will default to IOC policy for international and Olympic competition.

 

LINK: USA Climbing Policy

USA Curling

USA Curling (USAC) defaults to the IOC guidelines for Olympic and international play, but has different policies for different levels of play. For USCA competitive events, the policy states:

"Male-identified curlers will not be denied the ability to participate on men's or boys' teams or as a male member of a mixed gender team. Female-identified curlers will not be denied the ability to participate on women's or girls' teams or as a female member of a mixed gender team."

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Curling Policy

USA Cycling

USA Cycling released an updated policy in March 2018 that has different requirements for elite and non-elite racers. 

 

At non-elite competition levels, a member may self-select his or her gender. Members who transition to a gender different from their gender on file with USA Cycling should contact USA Cycling to be placed in a class and category appropriate for that person’s racing resume and experience. USA Cycling may recategorize a member based on results achieved after a gender identity change. This policy may be used to either downgrade a member who is not able to compete in a higher category, or to upgrade a member who shows exceptional results in a given category outside of normal upgrade regulations.

 

At elite competition levels members may have the opportunity to represent the United States and participate in international competition. They may therefore be subject to the policies and regulations of the International Cycling Union (UCI) and International Olympic Committee (IOC). ​Read the full policy below.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Cycling Policy (March 2018)

USA Gymnastics - requires surgery

USA Gymnastics has different policies for pre- and post-pubescent competitors. USA Gymnastics follows  the outdated Stockholm Consensus, which requires hormone use, genital surgery and gonadectomy for post-pubescent MTF competitors, but not for FTM competitors. 

 

A post-pubescent athlete will be eligible for participation after completing their transition, provided the following:

MTF Individual:

• Surgical anatomical changes have been completed, to include the appropriate sex reassignment. Eligibility should begin no sooner than two years after gonadectomy.

• Legal recognition of assigned sex is obtained from the appropriate authorities. 

• Hormone therapy has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time (one year minimum) to minimize gender-related competitive advantages. 

FTM Individual:

• If gender confirmation surgery is desired, the surgery has been completed, the athlete is in good health, and has been cleared by their surgeon to participate in gymnastics

• Legal recognition of assigned sex is obtained from the appropriate authorities.

• If hormone therapy is desired, it is being monitored by a medical doctor and is not being used as a way to enhance athletic advantage.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Gymnastics Policy for Transgender Inclusion

USA Hockey

USA Hockey policy separates out youth and adult competitors at various levels of competitiveness and has a policy for non-binary athletes.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Hockey Transgender Athlete Eligibility Policy

USA Karate

USA Karate has no documented policy.

US Masters Swimming - requires surgery

US Masters Swimming updated its policy after the IOC update in 2015, but left the requirement for transgender women to complete surgery in order to have their times count. 

 

DOWNLOADUS Masters Swimming transgender policy

USA Powerlifting - bans transgender women competing as women

USA Powerlifting, as a National Affiliate of the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) adopted, and follows the policies as defined by the IP Medical Committee which impact the participation of transgender individuals in events sanctioned by USA Powerlifting.

 

Transgender men or any athlete taking testosterone may not participate, with or without a Therapeutic Use Exemption form. 

 

Transgender women are unable to compete as women under any circumstances. 

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Powerlifting Transgender Athlete Policy (January 2019)

US Rowing

US Rowing uses government ID as the standard for athlete placement.  "All Rowers in Events for men are male and that all Rowers in Events for women are female. Gender is determined by the Competitor’s government issued ID and will be noted on the Competitor’s credential."

 

DOWNLOAD: US Rowing The Rules of Rowing 2015

US Rowing uses government ID as the standard for athlete placement.  "All Rowers in Events for men are male and that all Rowers in Events for women are female. Gender is determined by the Competitor’s government issued ID and will be noted on the Competitor’s credential."

 

DOWNLOAD: US Rowing The Rules of Rowing 2015

USA Rugby - requires surgery

USA Rugby follows the outdated Stockholm Consensus from the former IOC  policy and requires genital surgery and gonadectomy for participation. This is a violation of one's human rights. The IOC policy was changed in 2016 to remove the requirement for surgery.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Rugby policy for transgender athletes

USA Sailing

USA Sailing follows the IOC policy and World Sailing's policy (actual policy unavailable). USA Sailing bylaws state:

 

No person shall be denied the right to participate in any event within the jurisdiction of US SAILING or to manage or otherwise be involved in the participation of such event, or having so participated shall suffer any penalty for having participated, on grounds of race, color, religion, age, sex, or national origin, disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or expression, genetic information, or any other status protected by federal, state or local law, where applicable.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Sailing Bylaws (amended Aug 8, 2017)

USA Senior Softball

Not an inclusive policy. USA Senior Softball recently approved their policy in summer 2014. Senior Softball-USA is dedicated to informing and uniting the Senior Softball Players of America and the World. Senior Softball-USA sanctions tournaments and championships, registers players, writes the rulebook, publishes Senior Softball-USA News, hosts International Softball Tours and promotes Senior Softball throughout the world. More than 1.5 million men and women over 40 play Senior Softball in the United States today.

 

"14.2(6) • TRANS-GENDER ATHLETES

Men are not permitted to compete on women’s teams in SSUSA sanctioned events, but on occasion

the eligibility issue of trans-gender athletes arises. To ensure that no athlete is excluded from the

opportunity to participate, that the safety of women players is protected, and to maintain fairness in

competition, the SSUSA has adopted the standards used by the International Olympic Committee

(“IOC”) to govern the eligibility of trans-gender athletes." Read more at the link below.

 

NOTE: to make this policy more inclusive, trans people not taking hormones would go under review. If they are living as their true gender and that is different than what is listed on birth documents, we are limiting their ability to comfortably participate in the sport.  

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Senior Softball rule book (policy is 14.2(6) in book)

 

US Soccer Federation

The United States Soccer Federation (USSF) opens its membership to all soccer organizations and all soccer players, coaches, trainers, managers, administrators and officials "without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or national origin." 

 

For the purposes of registration on gender-based amateur teams, a player may register with the gender team with which the player identifies, and confirmation sufficient for guaranteeing access shall be satisfied by documentation or evidence that shows the stated gender is sincerely held, and part of a person’s core identity. Documentation satisfying the herein stated standard includes, but is not limited to, government-issued documentation or documentation prepared by a health care provider, counselor, or other qualified professional not related to the player. 

 

This policy does not apply to Professional Leagues, and does not apply to the Federation’s National Teams programs, but application of this or a similar policy shall be re-evaluated at such time as FIFA addresses the issue. 

 

DOWNLOAD: USSF amendment change

USA Swimming

USA Swimming Anti-Discrimination Statement provides protection for transgender athletes. Its Code of Conduct says, “discrimination against any member or participant on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, and gender expression is prohibited (304.3.3),” meaning that trans swimmers can participate in events in the gender with which they identity. 

 

LINK: USA Swimming Anti-Discimination Policies Include Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

DOWNLOAD: Recommended policy for USA Swimming clubs

 

USA Team Handball

USA Team Handball has no documented policy.

USA Track & Field

USA Track & Field (USATF) Board of Directors adopted the updated its policy on transgender athletes to match the November 2015 update by the International Olympic Committee, thereby removing the requirement for surgery. USATF now uses the current IOC policy.

 

MARATHON MAJORS: Organizers of the Boston, Chicago, New York City, London and Los Angeles marathons all said they honor the gender that runners submit during sign-ups.

 

LINK: USATF Statement regarding transgender/ transsexual policy

USA Triathlon

USA Triathlon follows the updated International Olympic Committee guidelines for transgender athlete participation, as well as the United States Anti-Doping Agency rules regarding the use of testosterone, which is a banned substance which requires a theraputic use exemption (TUE) in order to avoid violating policy. 

USA Ultimate

USA Ultimate invites all transgender athletes to participate in USA Ultimate competition.

 

For youth competition, any transgender athlete may participate in accordance with his or her gender identity irrespective of the gender listed on the athlete’s birth certificate or other records, and regardless of whether the athlete has undergone any medical treatment. This policy shall not prevent a transgender athlete from electing to participate according to his or her assigned birth gender.

 

For college, club, masters, and other non-youth-specific competition, any transgender athlete who is not taking hormone treatment related to gender transition may participate in USA Ultimate competition in accordance with his or her assigned birth gender, and

A trans male (female to male) athlete:

- Who is not taking testosterone related to gender transition may participate on an open or women’s team, or may count towards the female gender ratio on a mixed team.

- Who has received medical treatment with testosterone related to gender transition may compete on an open team or count towards the male gender ratio in mixed competition, but is no longer eligible to compete on a women’s team or count towards the female gender ratio in mixed competition.

 

A trans female (male to female) athlete:

- Who is not taking hormone treatments related to gender transition may not compete on a women’s team or count towards the female gender ratio in mixed competition.

- Being treated with testosterone suppression medication related to gender transition may compete on an open team or count towards the male gender ratio in mixed competition, but may not compete on a women’s team or count towards the female gender ratio in mixed competition until completing one calendar year of testosterone suppression treatment.

DOWNLOAD: USA Ultimate Transgender Policy

USA Weightlifting

Updated February 2019: In January 2017, USA Weightlifting created a Policy for Transgender Inclusion. The policy requires a formal letter with a request to participate in USA Weightlifting sanctioned events, which must include a statement affirming the gender identity of the athlete. The athlete must provide a confirmation of gender identity from a medical professional, and if applicable, must provide any information related to an athlete’s transition/intent to transition status.

 

The policy is separated by pre and post-puberty categories. For pre-pubescent athletes, there is an "evaluation of competitive advantage," which is subjective and leaves room for discrimination. For adult transgender women, it requires two years of hormone therapy, instead of just one as listed by the IOC. 

 

Eligibility Considerations
(a) Requirements

  • Applicant must submit a formal letter with a request to participate in USA Weightlifting sanctioned events, which must include a statement affirming the gender identity of the athlete. If the athlete is a minor, the request must be submitted by a parent/guardian. If the athlete is under age 18, he/she/they may also submit a personal statement in support of his/her/their request.

  • Applicant must provide a confirmation of gender identity, and if applicable, must provide any information related to an athlete’s transition/intent to transition status.

  • Applicants must agree to comply with all aspects of the eligibility determination.

  • Committee will research applicable state discrimination laws and nondiscrimination policies.

 

(b) Pre-Pubescent Athletes
Pre-Pubescent Athletes are be granted eligibility to participate in their affirmed gender. Some of the evaluative criteria include:

  • Age

  • Evaluation of competitive advantage

 

(c) Post-Pubescent Athletes
A post-pubescent athlete will be eligible for participation, provided the following:

 

MTF Individual:

  • Should show evidence that hormone therapy has been administered in a verifiable manner and for a sufficient length of time (two year minimum) to minimize gender related competitive advantages.

  • If gender confirmation surgery is desired, the surgery has been completed, the athlete is in good health, and has been cleared by their surgeon to participate in Weightlifting.

  • Legal recognition of assigned/identified gender has been received from one or more appropriate authorities.

 

FTM Individual:

  • If gender confirmation surgery is desired, the surgery has been completed, the athlete is in good health, and has been cleared by their surgeon to participate in Weightlifting

  • Legal recognition of assigned/identified gender has been received from one or more appropriate authorities.

  • If hormone therapy is desired, it is being monitored by a medical doctor and is not being used as a way to enhance athletic advantage.

 

DOWNLOAD: USA Weightlifting policy for transgender athletes (January 2017)

USA Wrestling

In March 2017, USA Wrestling formally adopted a version of  the IOC guidelines for Transgender Athlete participation. The policy states that before puberty, trans boys can compete against boys, and trans girls can compete against girls. After puberty, the following specifications are stated:

1. Those who transition from female to male shall only be eligible to compete in the male category without restriction after the athlete has declared that his gender identity is male.

2. Those who transition from male to female are eligible to compete in the female category under the following conditions:

- The athlete has declared that her gender identity is female. The declaration cannot be changed, for sporting purposes, for a minimum of four years.

- The athlete must demonstrate that her total testosterone level in serum has been below 10 nmol/L for at least 12 months prior to her first competition.

- The athlete’s total testosterone level in serum must remain below 10 nmol/L throughout the period of desired eligibility to compete in the female category.

- Compliance with these conditions may be monitored by testing. In the event of non-compliance, the athlete’s eligibility for female competition will be suspended for 12 months.

DOWNLOAD: USA Wrestling policy for transgender athletes (March 2017)

Women's Flat Track Derby Association

The Women's Flat Track Derby Association's (WFTDA) Gender Policy updated its policy with a new statement and broadened protections for athlete gender identity in November 2015. The new statement provides intersex and transgender athletes with equal opportunities to participate in athletics "while still maintaining integrity as a women’s sport."  It states that the WFTDA “is committed to inclusive and anti-discrimination practices in relation to all transgender women, intersex women, and gender expansive participants, and aims to ensure that all skaters’, volunteers’, and employees’ rights are respected and protected.”In regard to athlete participation, it states: “An individual who identifies as a trans woman, intersex woman, and/or gender expansive may skate with a WFTDA charter team if women’s flat track roller derby is the version and composition of roller derby with which they most closely identify. … The gender identity of any and all WFTDA participants is considered confidential and private.”

 

LINK: WFTDA Broadens Protections for athlete gender identity

LINK: Frequently Asked Questions regarding Gender Policy